Dwarfing a large tree into a small pot may seem challenging, if not impossible, but the art and science of making a bonsai makes this speculation a fallacy. You may begin creating your own bonsai a seed or a cutting, but beginners will find it easier to begin with a seedling plant from a nursery. Once a chosen tree is in order, the following steps will commence so you can successfully create and grow your own bonsai tree.
Choosing the Right Pot
Where the soon-to-be-bonsai will be placed will play a huge role to the tree?s growth and beauty. Pots come in different forms, shapes, sizes and colors. As the bonsai owner, you have the freedom to choose whatever pot that you like. But to achieve the right combination of aesthetics and functionality, you may begin by assessing the purpose of the pot at that point of the bonsai?s life.
Training pots are containers where bonsai are first planted or potted. Training pots can be made of various materials ? plastic, wood, mica etc. But the main point of a training pot is that it should be practical enough that it can hold the soil, provide good drainage and stable enough to support the weight and height of the bonsai as it grows.
When the bonsai is matured enough, it can then be repotted to a display pot. A display pot should also be able to support the growth of the tree, but it should also complement the beauty of the bonsai. Display pots also come in different materials, colors and textures. As a guide in choosing a display pot, its depth must be equal to the trunk?s diameter just above the soil. Deeper and relatively larger pots are suitable to trees that look strong, rugged and masculine, while narrower pots are for trees that look delicate and smooth.
It is also important that the pot?s appeal does not overshadow the bonsai?s beauty, otherwise, it defeats the purpose of making the tree as the center of attention. The pot and the tree should look harmonious together.
Preparing the Pot
Place a thin gauge wire at the bottom of the pot, followed by some gravel for drainage. Follow this up with a layer of bonsai potting soil which you can avail from various garden centers. You can also make your own by combining loam, peat and sand into equal parts. You can then begin transplanting the tree by carefully removing the soil from the roots and trimming two-thirds of its size.
After trimming the roots, place it gently into the gauge wire, cover the roots with soil, then tap and firm the soil with your palms. The soil should fill the pot to its brim. Place the tree in shady area for a week so it gets used to its new roots system and container pot, then eventually move the pot for some sun starting with a few hours a day.