Plants need light. They can only produce food through photosynthesis, a process which requires sunlight. Different plants require different amounts of light. Generally though, bonsai trees need more light. Thus, if you are growing a bonsai indoors, it is important to place them where there is enough light.
Here are the different types of lights that various plants may require:
· Direct sunlight refers to sunlight that directly hits the plant without any blockade
·Indirect sunlight means that there is light inside a specific area but it does not directly hit the plant
· Diffused light is the type of light that is filtered using a screen or thin curtain before it hits the plant Light enables the process of photosynthesis and this natural method only occurs in the presence of light and it converts carbon dioxide and water into oxygen and sugars.
Generally, flowering plants and those with colorful vegetation require direct sun. However, plants that are used as ornaments require less sunlight so indirect light is ideal to these types of plants. Signs of lack of light in plants include pale-colored leaves and weak stems. On the other hand, indications that your plants are being exposed to too much sunlight are burn marks and dry, shriveled leaves. If you see these on your plants, you better place them in areas in the house where they would not be reached by direct sunlight.
Avoid placing your bonsai close to sources of heat such as oven, stove, television or radiators. The heat will dry out the tree and eventually kill it.
Bonsai trees also have unique nutrition needs, and novice horticulturists ought to know the right amount of fertilizers for their plants so as not to overfeed them. There are three major forms of plant nutrients:
· Spikes are solid plant nutrients that are placed directly underneath the soil. They slowly release the nutrients needed by plants to grow.
· Water-soluble nutrients are the type of fertilizers that are mixed with water and poured onto plants. This type of fertilizer is ideal for house plants because they can be easily and evenly distributed all throughout the pot
· While the ones that are sprinkled at the base of the plant before watering are called granular plant nutrients
Like any plant, a bonsai also needs proper nutrition. Feeding promotes growth and health.
There are various ways of feeding a bonsai tree and these include liquid or granular feed. Small trees/ bonsai benefit from liquid feeds while the larger ones benefit granular feeds. This is because the granules can easily be washed off smaller bonsai easily. Meanwhile, liquid feeds need to be mixed with water. Work on small amounts every two weeks.
Always follow instructions and the schedule in putting fertilizers into the soil. Feeding your bonsai less is a bit better than overfeeding them.
Many of those who are new to growing bonsai are scared of repotting their bonsai tree, most especially when the tree has already established roots in its pot. However, it should be noted that bonsai trees, like any plants, need to be repotted from time to time. Your bonsai can grow quickly and when its roots are too big or too much for its pot, it may need repotting. Repotting will help keep your plant healthy. This usually is needed every couple of years.
To do this, you?ll need to ease the tree out of the pot. Check out the roots. Bonsai trees that need to be repotted needs have plenty of roots and little soil. If this is the case, you?ll need to tease out the long roots, letting the roots hang down from the root-ball. Trim the long roots, put fresh or healthy soil in the bottom of the pot and replant the tree gently into the soil. Avoid feeding in a month or so.
Other Plant Care Tips
Make sure that you always pick a container that is designed with drainage holes. To keep the dirt from pouring out through the holes, you can place a tiny piece of net on the holes before placing the soil for the plant. If possible, use gardening soil instead of the dirt in your backyard. Wet the soil first before planting.